The downstream Steel Industry, under siege for decades, is facing its next huge crisis. For many years, ArcelorMittal South Africa (AMSA), South Africa's dominant liquid steel producer, found the South African steel market to be a favourable playing field. For a long time they could keep their input costs low as a result of a preferential supply agreement for iron ore. However, whilst having this lucrative iron ore deal, AMSA charged the South African downstream industry similar prices to what they (AMSA) obtained on international markets. The downstream industry paid high prices for their steel, whilst AMSA made huge profits.