Pollen Source: Google Images

Cape Town’s pollen count has reached new records this year. According to the University of Cape Town (UCT) Lung Institute, the amount of pollen in the air is 14% higher than it was decade ago. Pollen counts worldwide are predicted to quadruple in the next 20-30 years.

According to the Institute, “This year saw some of the highest recorded pollen counts in history, which had cities from Europe to the US covered in clouds of pollen as a result of global warming. A spike in South Africa’s pollen production has also been flagged by local scientists who are calling for an urgent expansion of the country’s pollen monitoring programme.”

Prof Jonny Peter, Head of the Allergy unit at UCT’s Lung Institute says that 20-30% of the South African population suffer from pollen allergies.

Speaking to SABC News, Peter explains that pollen has not been recently monitored throughout the country other than in Cape Town. This is mainly because pollen is difficult, time-consuming and expensive to monitor. According to Peter, the last time pollen was monitored in other parts of the country was in the 90s, meaning that the country does not have a long term prediction for pollen count.

Aerobiologist, Dilys Berman says that it is crucial to monitor pollen. “Monitoring pollen on a more sustainable basis will help us to better understand the impact of climate change on pollen seasons specific to our region and how pollen is evolving in order to develop more effective treatments for local conditions.”

The Institute has partnered with Clicks, Twinsaver, Thermo Fischer and A.Vogel Echinaforce for greater funding to monitor pollen, and have since extended pollen monitoring to seven of the ten biomes in South Africa. They have also created an official pollen monitoring website for South Africa, that releases weekly reports on pollen count and are running a crowdfunding campaign to get the public involved.

If you would like to donate to the pollen monitoring cause or learn more, please visit pollencount.co.za